09 March 2023

Something About Antimicrobial Resistance

AMR stands for Antimicrobial Resistance. Simply put, an antibiotic is a class of drugs that work against bacteria, viruses, and parasites that cause disease.

Here, as a natural evolution, the related micro-organisms have evolved to be able to act against antibiotics. In general, it is going away without asking for medicine. Antibiotic resistance has been on the rise since the 1970s and is now considered to be the greatest health threat the world community will face in the future. Accordingly, food poisoning and blood poisoning will become fatal conditions without the effectiveness of antibiotics.

It will take a lot of time to cure non-dangerous infections and it will also have to incur high costs. In the future, if the bacterial strains become resistant to these drugs, chemotherapy, organ transplants, cesarean surgeries etc. will be uncertain in the future.

According to the survey done by Jim'O nail about AMR, only seven lakh people will die due to this in the future and if proper measures are not taken, it is said that 10 million people will die from this by the year 2050. However, there are various disagreements about these statistical data because there is currently no monitoring system to deal with this situation. AMR is really a natural biological phenomenon.

Some microorganisms such as viruses, by their nature, can continue to survive by being exposed to the action of those drugs. Also, they have the ability to transmit the resistance to that drug to others. However, as is often the case in Sri Lanka, a side effect of taking antibiotics at will and unnecessarily is that this process is faster.

When antibiotics are used, the virus is killed without changing the gene that causes the virus to adapt to the drug. After this viral replication, the next generation of viruses is produced as resistance to the previous drugs. Some viruses and bacteria can pass these drug resistance genes to others, while others can distribute a cluster of resistance genes to others.

In the past, the rapid development of this AMR situation has been greatly influenced by the misuse and misuse of antibiotics in humans and commercial animals. In commercial animal husbandry, farm owners run farms without proper cleaning, resulting in excessive antibiotics being given to sick animals.

As a side effect, a large amount of viruses can interact with antibiotics and allow the generation of inhibited virus generations. The other current here is the spread of superbugs or antibiotic-inhibited microorganisms on a large scale due to the fact that drug companies direct our antibiotic production liquid to water sources. However, the world community will definitely have to face the impact of this in the future.